You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition
and results of operations in conjunction with the unaudited interim financial
statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and
with our audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended
December 31, 2021 and the related Management's Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in
our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

                           Forward Looking Statements
The following discussion and other parts of this Quarterly Report contain
forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the "Exchange Act"). All statements other
than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report,
including statements regarding our future operating results and financial
position, our business strategy and plans, market growth, and our objectives for
future operations. These statements are often identified by the use of words
such as "believe," "may," "will," "estimate," "potential," "continue,"
"anticipate," "intend," "expect," "could," "would," "project," "plan," "target,"
and similar expressions or variations. The forward-looking statements in this
Quarterly Report are only predictions. We have based these forward-looking
statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future
events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition,
operating results, business strategy, short-term and long-term business
operations and objectives. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the
date of this Quarterly Report and are subject to a number of risks,
uncertainties and assumptions, including those described in the Part II, Item 1A
under the heading "Risk Factors." The events and circumstances reflected in our
forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could
differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Except
as required by applicable law, we do not plan to publicly update or revise any
forward-looking statements contained herein, whether as a result of any new
information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise.

You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and the documents that we
reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and have filed with the SEC,
with the understanding that our actual future results, performance, and events
and circumstances may be materially different from what we expect.

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the words “we”, “us”, “we”, “AvidXchange” and “our company” refer to AvidXchange, Inc. before our reorganization, and AvidXchange Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries following the reorganization, unless the context otherwise requires.


Overview

AvidXchange was founded in 2000 to serve the AP automation needs of the middle
market. In 2012, in response to customer demand for more efficient payment
methods, we launched the AvidPay Network. Since 2012, we have had substantial
growth, both organic and through a series of strategic acquisitions allowing us
to expand the vertical markets that we serve and enter new ones.

Our business and revenue model

We sell our solutions through a hybrid go-to-market strategy that includes
direct and indirect channels. Our direct sales force leverages their deep domain
expertise in select verticals and over 120 referral relationships with
integrated software providers, financial institutions and other partners to
identify and attract buyers that would benefit from our AP software solutions
and the AvidPay Network. Our indirect channel includes reseller partners and
other strategic partnerships such as Mastercard, through MasterCard's B2B Hub,
which includes Fifth Third Bank and Bank of America, and other financial
institutions, such as KeyBank, and third-party software providers such as MRI
Software, RealPage and SAP Concur. Our referral and indirect channel
partnerships provide us greater reach across the market to access a variety of
buyers.

One of the ways that we evaluate our revenue model is by looking at our net
transactions processed retention rate. We calculate the net transactions
processed retention rate for a current period by dividing the (i) number of
total transactions processed for customers in the current period by (ii) the
number of total transactions processed for the same customers in the comparable
prior period. Accordingly, the net transactions processed retention rate is
calculated solely based on transactions of prior period customers in the current
period, regardless of whether or not the prior period customer remains a
customer in the current period. Correspondingly, customers in the current period
that were not customers in the prior period are excluded from the current period
calculation of the net transactions processed retention rate. Net transactions
processed retention rate, together with our key metric Transactions Processed
(as described below in the section titled "Key Financial and Business Metrics"),
enables us to both assess transaction volume attributable to retained customers
in a period as well as determine transaction volume attributable to new
customers during the same period. This annual metric allows us to quantify the
activity of retained customers over time and illustrates both retention and
expansion of the volume of total transactions processed for such customers. Our
net transactions processed retention rate from 2018 to 2019 was 105%, from 2019
to 2020 it was 102%, and from 2020 to 2021 it was 107%.

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We have a highly visible revenue model based on the durability of our buyer
relationships and the recurring nature of the revenues we earn. Our revenues are
derived from multiple sources, predominantly through software revenue from our
buyers and revenue from payments made to their suppliers. The table below
represents our revenues disaggregated by type of service performed (in
thousands):

                                Three Months Ended March 31,
Disaggregation of Revenue:        2022                 2021
Software revenue             $       23,911       $       20,415
Payment revenue                      46,468               34,161
Services revenue                        824                  638
Total revenues               $       71,203       $       55,214


Software revenue, payment revenue and service revenue are described below in the section titled “Components of Operating Results”.

Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic

Notwithstanding current vaccinations and the gradual re-opening of the U.S.
economy, the global COVID-19 pandemic, including the emergence of recently
discovered variants that are thought to be more contagious (such as the
increasingly widespread "Delta" and "Omicron" variants), continues to adversely
affect commercial activity and has contributed to significant volatility in the
financial markets, which may continue.

In 2022, we have continued to see the impact of COVID-19 on our business and on
our buyers and suppliers. We believe that, as a result of the uncertainty
created by the pandemic, many buyers have been and may continue to be in the
near term reluctant to invest in the purchase and implementation of our products
and services, which has had a negative impact on new sales and has led to longer
sales cycles. These trends have made it, and if they continue will make it, more
difficult for us to acquire new buyers and have led to greater uncertainty
around closing new sales opportunities, adversely impacting our future revenue.

Impact of inflation

The U.S. economy is currently experiencing a higher than normal level of
inflation. The long term impacts of inflation on the economy and our business
are unclear. Our revenue could be positively impacted by inflation as the value
of our customer's payments could rise, increasing our payment volume and the
base on which we earn interchange revenue. Conversely, the impact of
inflationary pressures on the macro economy could slow the spending of our
customers and decrease payment volume. Inflation could also negatively impact
our operating costs by increasing costs incurred by us to operate our business
in terms of higher costs from our vendors and increased personnel costs.

Main financial and commercial indicators

We regularly review several financial and business metrics to measure our
performance, identify trends affecting our business, prepare financial
projections, and make strategic decisions. We believe that these key business
metrics provide meaningful supplemental information for management and investors
in assessing our historical and future operating performance. The calculation of
the key metrics and other measures discussed below may differ from other
similarly-titled metrics used by other companies, securities analysts or
investors.

                                                  Three Months Ended March 31,
                                                     2022                2021          Percentage
                                                                                         Change
Transactions Processed                               16,852,489        14,581,241              15.6 %
Transaction Yield                               $          4.23      $       3.79              11.6 %
Total Payment Volume (in millions)              $        15,197      $     10,814              40.5 %




Transactions processed
We believe that transactions processed is an important measure of our business
because it is a key indicator of the use by both buyers and suppliers of our
solutions and our ability to generate revenue, since a majority of our revenue
is generated based on transactions processed. We define transactions processed
as the number of invoice transactions and payment transactions, such as
invoices, purchase orders, checks, ACH payments and VCCs, processed through our
platform during a particular period.

Transaction yield
We believe that transaction yield is an important measure of the value of
solutions to buyers and suppliers as we scale. We define transaction yield as
the total revenue during a particular period divided by the total transactions
processed during such period.

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Total payment volume
We believe total payment volume is an important measure of our AvidPay Network
business as it quantifies the demand for our payment services. We define total
payment volume as the dollar sum of buyers' AP payments paid to their suppliers
through the AvidPay Network during a particular period.

Components of operating results

Revenue

We generate revenue from the following sources: (i) software, (ii) payments and (iii) services.

Software Revenue
We generate software revenue from our buyers primarily through (i) fees
calculated based on the number of invoices and payment transactions processed
and (ii) recurring maintenance and SaaS fees. Software revenue is typically
billed to and paid by our buyers on a monthly basis. Our software offerings,
many of which are built for specific verticals, address the needs of buyers and
together they comprise our suite of predominately cloud-based solutions designed
to manage invoices and automate the AP function. We generally sign multi-year
contracts with buyers and revenue is recognized over the term of the contract.
We also receive initial upfront implementation fees and software maintenance fee
revenue for ongoing support, which are recognized ratably over the term of the
applicable support period.

Payment Revenue
We generate revenue from the payments our buyers make to their suppliers through
(i) offering electronic payment solutions to suppliers, (ii) fees charged to
suppliers from our invoice factoring product, and (iii) interest on funds held
for buyers pending disbursement.

Our electronic payment solutions currently include VCC and an enhanced ACH
payment product, or AvidPay Direct, which eliminate paper checks and increase
the speed to payment for the supplier. AvidPay Direct also provides suppliers
with enhanced remittance data allowing the supplier to reconcile the payment and
the underlying invoice. VCC revenues result from interchange fees applied to the
spend processed and are recorded net of fees and incentives. AvidPay Direct
revenue is based on a per transaction fee that we charge to suppliers that
generally includes a cap and is based on the spend per payment and is recorded
net of incentives.

Our invoice factoring product, Invoice Accelerator, provides certain suppliers
with the opportunity to better manage cash flows and receive payments even
faster by allowing suppliers to receive advance payment on qualifying invoices.
Revenues are generated on a per transaction basis for each payment that is
advanced. We currently fund the purchase of invoices from our balance sheet.

Interest income represents interest received from buyer deposits held during the payment clearing process. We earn interest on funds held under our contractual relationship with our buyers.

Our media payments business includes clients involved in political advertising in the WE The revenues of these customers are cyclical because they are linked to WE election advertising expenses which tend to increase during major election years such as midterm and presidential elections.

Service Revenue Service revenue includes fees charged to process buyer changes to service requests.

Total Revenue
We expect our total revenue to increase year over year due to an increase in the
number of buyers and transactions processed, and that payment revenue will
comprise a greater proportion of total revenue should the volume of transactions
on the AvidPay Network continue to increase.

Cost of Operating Revenues and Expenses

Cost of Revenues
Cost of revenues includes personnel related costs, which include direct
compensation, fringe benefits, short- and long-term incentive plans and
stock-based compensation expense. Cost of revenues includes teams responsible
for buyer and supplier onboarding and setup, invoice processing, payment
operations, money movement execution, and customer service. Personnel costs also
include internal labor associated with the employees who monitor the performance
and reliability of our buyer and supplier solutions and the underlying delivery
infrastructure (i.e., application and data hosting administration, product
support and escalations, payment monitoring and settlement functions).

Cost of revenues also includes external expenses that are directly attributed to
the processing of invoice and payment transactions. These expenses include the
cost of scanning and indexing invoices, printing checks, postage for mailing
checks, expenses for processing payments (ACH, check, and wires), bank fees
associated with buyer deposits held during the payment clearing process, and
other transaction execution costs. Additionally, cost of revenues includes fees
paid to third parties for the

                                       21
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use of their technology, data hosting services, and customer relationship
management tools in the delivery of our services or in supporting the delivery
infrastructure and adjustments to the allowance for uncollectible advancements
processed through Invoice Accelerator. Lastly, cost of revenues includes
estimates for treasury losses that occur in treasury operations. Treasury losses
include various unrecoverable internal payment processing errors that occur in
the ordinary course of business, such as duplicate payments, overpayments,
payments to the wrong party and reconciliation errors.

We have chosen to exclude the amortization expense of capitalized developed software and acquired technology, as well as allocations of amortization expense of fixed assets and installation expenses from the cost of products.

We expect our cost of revenue as a percentage of revenue to decline as we continue to realize operational efficiencies and shift more of our transactions to electronic payments.

Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing consists primarily of costs related to our direct sales
force and partner channels that are incurred in the process of setting up
go-to-market strategies, generating leads, building brand awareness and
acquiring new buyers and suppliers, including efforts to convert suppliers from
paper check payments to electronic forms of payments and efforts to enroll them
into the Invoice Accelerator solution.

Personnel costs include salaries, wages, direct and amortized sales commissions,
fringe benefits, short- and long-term incentive plans and stock-based
compensation expense. Most of the commissions paid to the direct sales force are
incremental based upon invoice and payment volume from the acquisition of a new
buyer and are deferred and amortized ratably over an estimated benefit period of
five years.

The partner ecosystem consists of resellers, referral partners and accounting systems. Remunerations paid to SEO and accounting system partners in exchange for the partner’s SEO and marketing efforts are classified as sales and marketing expenses.

In addition, we focus on generating awareness of our platform and products
through a variety of sponsorships, user conferences, trade shows, and integrated
marketing campaigns. Costs associated with these efforts, including travel
expenses, external consulting services, and various technology applications are
included in sales and marketing as well.

We expect our sales and marketing expenses to increase in absolute dollars while
remaining fairly consistent as a percentage of revenue as we continue to expand
our market presence, grow our customer base, and continue to develop new
offerings to sell to our buyers and suppliers. We are focused on the efficient
deployment of marketing resources to drive our sales efforts and expect to
continue to increase marketing activities over the coming periods.

Research and Development
Research and development efforts focus on the development of new products and
business intelligence tools or enhancements to existing products and
applications, as well as large scale infrastructure projects that improve the
underlying architecture of our technology.

The main contributors of research and development costs are (i) personnel
related expenses, including fringe benefits, short- and long-term incentive
plans and stock-based compensation expense, and (ii) fees for outsourced
professional services. We capitalize certain internal and external development
costs that are attributable to new products or new functionality of existing
products and amortize such costs to depreciation and amortization on a
straight-line basis over an estimated useful life, which is generally three
years.

We also incur research and development costs attributable to the use of software
tools and technologies required to facilitate the research and development
activities. Examples of such costs include fees paid to third parties to host
lower technical environments and the associated virtual machine ware fees paid
to support agile development efforts, and fees paid for software tools and
licenses used in quality control testing and code deployment activities.

We expect our research and development expense to increase in absolute dollars,
but to decrease as a percentage of revenue as we are able to efficiently deploy
our development resources against a larger revenue base.

General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of our finance, human
resources, legal and compliance, facilities, information technology,
administration, and information security organizations. Significant cost
contributors are (i) personnel expenses, including fringe benefits, short- and
long-term incentive plans and stock-based compensation expense, and (ii) costs
of software applications, including end user computing solutions, and various
technology tools utilized by these organizations. Occupancy expenses, which
include personnel, rent, maintenance and property tax costs are not allocated to
other components of the statements of operations and remain in general and
administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses are reduced by
incentives we have received from state and local government agencies as part of
various local job development investment grants.

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We expect our general and administrative expenses to increase in both absolute
dollars and as a percentage of revenue over the next two years, as we continue
to build out our infrastructure to support our operations as a public company,
and to support a greater customer base. After approximately two years we expect
these expenses to decrease as a percentage of revenue as a large portion of this
public company infrastructure investment is comprised of fixed costs.

Impairment and Write-Off of Intangible Assets
Impairment and write-off of intangible assets is the reduction from carrying
value to fair value for assets or asset groups whose carrying value is not
recoverable and also includes charges determined based on our estimation of the
amount of obsolescence of previously capitalized software development costs.

Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization expense includes depreciation of property and
equipment over the estimated useful life of the applicable asset, as well as
amortization of acquired intangibles (i.e., technology, customer list and
tradename) with a useful life between 3 and 15 years, and amortization of
capitalized software development costs with an estimated benefit of 3 years.

Other income (expenses) Other income (expenses) mainly includes interest expense on our bank loans and head office finance leases, offset by interest income on non-customer funds of the company. In addition, in periods prior to our IPO, other income (expense) included changes in the fair value of our derivative instrument, which required fair value adjustments at each reporting period.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
Income tax expense (benefit) consists of federal and state income taxes.

Operating results

The following table sets forth our results of operations for the periods presented (in thousands, except per share and per share data):

                                                       Three Months Ended March 31,
                                                          2022                2021
Revenues                                            $         71,203     $       55,214
Cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and
amortization expense)                                         27,807             22,540
Operating expenses
Sales and marketing                                           17,239             13,511
Research and development                                      20,072             13,933
General and administrative                                    18,688        

14,164

Depreciation and amortization                                  7,718              7,077
Total operating expenses                                      63,717             48,685
Loss from operations                                         (20,321 )          (16,011 )
Other income (expense)
Interest income                                                  220                132
Interest expense                                              (4,977 )           (5,025 )
Change in fair value of derivative instrument                      -        

946

Charge for amending financing advisory engagement
letter - related party                                             -            (50,000 )
Other expenses                                                (4,757 )          (53,947 )
Loss before income taxes                                     (25,078 )          (69,958 )
Income tax expense                                                69                 68
Net loss                                            $        (25,147 )   $      (70,026 )
Accretion of convertible preferred stock                           -             (4,602 )
Net loss attributable to common stockholders        $        (25,147 )   $      (74,628 )
Net loss per share attributable to common
stockholders, basic and diluted                     $          (0.13 )   $        (1.43 )
Weighted average number of common shares used to
compute net loss per share attributable to common
stockholders, basic and diluted                          197,017,555         52,057,532




Comparison of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

Revenue

            Three Months Ended March 31,             Period-to-Period
Change
              2022                 2021             Amount           Percentage
                                     (in thousands)
Revenues $       71,203       $       55,214     $      15,989              29.0 %


The increase in revenues was comprised of an increase in software revenue of
$3.5 million, or 17.1%, primarily driven by increased invoice and payment
transaction volume from new and existing customers and the inclusion of $0.1
million of software

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revenues associated with the acquisition of FastPay which was finalized in July 2021. Payments revenue increased by approximately $12.3 millionor 36.0%, driven primarily by increased electronic payments on the AvidPay network with the addition of new buyer payment transaction volume and the inclusion of $3.4 million payment revenue associated with the acquisition of FastPay and a list of customers from PayClearly which closed in January 2022.

Cost of Revenues
                                              Three Months Ended March 31,
                                            2022                         2021
                                               Percentage                   Percentage         Period-to-Period Change
                                   Amount      of Revenue       Amount      of Revenue         Amount          Percentage
                                                                       (in thousands)
Cost of revenues (excluding
depreciation and amortization
expense)                          $ 27,807            39.1 %   $ 22,540            40.8 %   $      5,267              23.4 %


The increase in cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization
expense) was due primarily to an increase in employee costs of $2.4 million,
including an increase in stock-based compensation of $0.9 million. This increase
is driven by hiring efforts to support the growth in our business as well as a
$0.4 million impact related to headcount additions from our acquisition of
FastPay, which closed in July 2021. The additional employees are supporting
buyer and supplier experience services, SaaS product delivery and money
movement. The remainder of the increase was primarily driven by increases in
invoice and check processing fees of $0.9 million, increases in cloud hosting
fees of $0.7 million related to a higher volume of transactions processed
through our applications as well as our on-going transition of services to cloud
hosting, and increases of $0.8 million for misdirected payments and reserve
Invoice Accelerator purchased invoices as we changed our estimate for the
recoverability of supplier advance receivables. An additional increase of $0.5
million is attributable to impact of deferred implementation costs as
amortization costs continue increase with the addition of new costs as well as
more costs were deferred in the prior year.

Operating Expenses
                                              Three Months Ended March 31,
                                            2022                         2021
                                               Percentage                   Percentage         Period-to-Period Change
                                   Amount      of Revenue       Amount      of Revenue         Amount          Percentage
                                                                       (in thousands)
Sales and marketing               $ 17,239            24.2 %   $ 13,511            24.5 %   $      3,728              27.6 %
Research and development            20,072            28.2 %     13,933            25.2 %          6,139              44.1 %
General and administrative          18,688            26.2 %     14,164            25.7 %          4,524              31.9 %
Depreciation and amortization        7,718            10.8 %      7,077            12.8 %            641               9.1 %


Sales and Marketing Expenses
The increase in sales and marketing expenses was due primarily to an increase of
$1.5 million in employee costs (net of capitalized sales commissions), driven by
a $0.6 million impact related to headcount additions from the acquisition of
FastPay and includes an increase in stock-based compensation of $0.8 million. We
experienced increases in marketing costs of $1.0 million and travel expenses of
$0.4 million as events and sales-related travel increased compared to the low
levels we experienced in 2021 due to the pandemic. We experienced increases in
partner commissions of $0.4 million as well as an additional increase of $0.4
million in consulting and other costs.

Research and Development Expenses
Research and development expenses increased primarily due to a $0.4 million
increase in costs associated with engaging consultants and contractors to
support the investment in our platform, and $6.0 million related to increased
employee costs. The investments in our platform are intended to increase the
quality, reliability and efficiency of our technology. The increase in employee
costs relates to both headcount and compensation increases and includes
increases of $0.8 million associated with the acquisition of FastPay and an
increase in stock-based compensation of $1.7 million. These increases were
offset, in part, by a reduction in expense associated with capitalization of
internally developed software of approximately $0.6 million.

General and Administrative Expenses
The increase in general and administrative expenses is attributable to a $3.8
million increase in employee costs, including an increase in stock-based
compensation of $2.5 million, as well as a $1.1 million increase of professional
and consulting fees and contract labor. The increases reflect the growth in our
business and our preparation to operate as a public company. The increases in
employee costs include $0.2 million associated with the acquisition of FastPay
which closed in July 2021. These increases were offset, in part, by a reduction
in transaction costs of $1.4 million attributable to deal related costs incurred
in the prior year period. An additional increase of $0.5 million is attributable
to facilities costs and rent attributable to FastPay and a $0.3 million increase
is attributable to bad debt expense.

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Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization increased primarily due to the amortization of
intangible assets associated with the acquisitions of FastPay, which closed in
July 2021, and media customer assets, which closed in January 2022.

Other Income (Expense)
                                              Three Months Ended March 31,
                                          2022                           2021
                                             Percentage                      Percentage            Period-to-Period Change
                                 Amount      of Revenue        Amount        of Revenue          Amount            Percentage
                                                                        (in thousands)

Other income (expenses) ($4,757) (6.7)% ($53,947)

        (97.7 )%   $      49,190               (91.2 )%


Other expenses decreased mainly due to a $50 million non-cash charge in the prior year period related to the modification of a financing advisory agreement with a related party that was settled by the issuance of common shares.

Income Tax Expense
                                                Three Months Ended March 31,
                                             2022                            2021
                                                  Percentage                    Percentage         Period-to-Period Change
                                   Amount         of Revenue       Amount       of Revenue       Amount           Percentage
                                                                         (in thousands)
Income tax (benefit) expense      $     69                0.1 %    $    68              0.1 %   $      1                   1.5 %


The provision for income taxes primarily relates to state income taxes and non-current federal taxes related to the future non-deductibility of goodwill.

Stock-based Compensation
All of our RSUs outstanding prior to our IPO in October 2021 contained both
service-based and performance-based vesting conditions. The performance
condition was settled in connection with our IPO. No compensation expense was
recognized for RSUs in periods prior to the fourth quarter of 2021.

Cash and capital resources

We do not currently generate positive cash flow through our operations. We have
financed our operations and capital expenditures primarily through sales of
common and preferred stock and borrowings under our 2019 Credit Agreement, as
defined below, and, more recently, our IPO that was completed in October 2021,
which resulted in net proceeds of $621.4 million, including the exercise of the
overallotment option and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions
of $40.4 million and offering expenses of approximately $11.8 million. As of
March 31, 2022, our principal sources of liquidity are our unrestricted cash and
cash equivalents of approximately $294.9 million, marketable securities of
approximately $228.7 million and funds available under our existing term loan
and revolving credit facilities, which we collectively refer to as the 2019
Credit Agreement. As of March 31, 2022, our unused committed capacity under the
2019 Credit Agreement was $22.4 million comprised of a delayed draw term loan
and a revolving commitment.

We believe that our unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities,
and funds available under our 2019 Credit Agreement will be sufficient to meet
our working capital requirements for at least the next twelve months. To the
extent existing cash, marketable securities, cash from operations, and amounts
available for borrowing under the 2019 Credit Agreement are insufficient to fund
future activities, we may need to raise additional capital. In the future, we
may attempt to raise additional capital through the sale of equity securities or
through equity-linked or debt financing arrangements. If we raise additional
capital by issuing equity or equity-linked securities, the ownership of our
existing stockholders will be diluted. If we raise additional capital by the
incurrence of additional indebtedness, we may be subject to increased fixed
payment obligations and could also be subject to additional restrictive
covenants, such as limitations on our ability to incur additional debt, and
other operating restrictions that could adversely impact our ability to conduct
our business. Our ability to raise additional debt may be limited by applicable
regulatory requirements as a licensed money transmitter that require us to meet
certain net worth requirements. Any future indebtedness we incur may result in
terms that could be unfavorable to equity investors. There can be no assurances
that we will be able to raise additional capital. The inability to raise capital
would adversely affect our ability to achieve our business objectives.

Cash flow

Here is a summary of our consolidated cash flows:

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                                                            Three Months Ended March 31,
Selected Cash Flow Data:                                     2022                  2021
                                                                   (in thousands)
Net cash (used in) provided by:
Operating activities                                    $       (25,314 )     $      (19,944 )
Investing activities                                           (243,686 )             (4,098 )
Financing activities                                           (309,265 )            388,793
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents, and
restricted funds held for customers                     $      (578,265 )     $      364,751



Net cash used in operating activities

Our primary source of cash provided by our operating activities is from our
software and payment revenue. Our primary uses of cash in our operating
activities include payments for employee salary and related costs, payments to
third party service providers to execute our payment transactions, sales and
marketing costs, and other general corporate expenditures.

Net cash used in operating activities increased to $25.3 million during the
three months ended March 31, 2022 from $19.9 million during the three months
ended March 31, 2021 due primarily to changes in working capital from variations
in the timing of receipts from customers and payments to vendors and timing of
the payment of annual bonuses.

Net cash used in investment activities

Cash flows used in our investing activities primarily include purchases of marketable securities, purchases of property, plant and equipment, purchases of intangible assets, capitalization of software for internal use and advances from suppliers related to our Invoice product Accelerator.

Net cash used in investing activities increased to $243.7 million during the
three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $4.1 million during the three
months ended March 31, 2021, primarily due to the purchase of marketable
securities of $228.6 million as well as the acquisition of customer list and
non-compete agreements in our media payments market and as both internal-use
software and cash invested in supplier advances increased.

Net cash (Used in) Provided by financing activities Cash used and provided by our financing activities consists primarily of changes in restricted buyer funds deposits related to buyer payment transactions, exercise of options purchase agreements, principal payments on finance leases and borrowings under our 2019 facility.

Net cash used in financing activities was $309.3 million during the three months
ended March 31, 2022 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $388.8
million during the three months ended March 31, 2021, due primarily to
variations in the inflows and outflows from payment service obligations of our
customers.

Outstanding Debt

Below is a summary of our outstanding debt (in thousands):

                                                         As of March       As of December
                                                           31, 2022           31, 2021
Term loan facility                                      $       95,000     $       95,000
Delayed draw term loan                                          10,193              9,023
Promissory note payable for land acquisition                    23,500      

23,500

Total principal due                                            128,693      

127,523

Current portion of promissory note                              (4,800 )           (4,800 )
Unamortized portion of debt issuance costs                      (2,527 )           (2,843 )
Long-term debt                                          $      121,366     $      119,880




Credit Facilities
Our senior secured credit facility, which we refer to as the 2019 Facility, with
Sixth Street and KeyBank makes available an aggregate amount of $133.5 million
as of March 31, 2022. The 2019 Credit Agreement consists of the following:

$95 million the Term Loan Facility, which we refer to as the 2019 Term Loan Facility;

$18.5 million the Deferred Drawn Term Loan Commitment, which we refer to as DDTL Interest;

$20 million the renewable commitment, which we call the 2019 revolver; and

Interest on the loans under the 2019 Facility is equal to LIBOR or a base rate,
plus a margin. The applicable margin will be between 8.0% and 9.0% for the first
three years, with the lower rate applicable for quarters in which we do not
borrow from the

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Interest DDTL, and after the third anniversary will be 7.5% or 8.0% depending on
whether the cash burn rate is greater than or less than negative $2.5 million.
The base rate is equal to the higher of the current prime rate, federal funds
effective rate plus 0.5%, or 4.0%. We may elect an interest period of up to
three months in connection with a LIBOR rate loan. Per the terms of the 2019
Credit Agreement, the unavailability or replacement of LIBOR would result in the
use of a similar measure based upon a calculated average of borrowing rates
offered by major banks in the London interbank as determined by Sixth Street. As
such, we do not believe that the unavailability of LIBOR will have any material
impact on our borrowing costs.

Since October 1, 2019 until the third anniversary date of the 2019 Credit Agreement, we may, on a quarterly basis, borrow under DDTL Interest to fund up to 4.5% of the interest due on the 2019 Term Loans In the three months ended March 31, 2022we borrowed $1.2 million at 10%.

The maturity date for DDTL 2019 Term and Interest Loans is April 1, 2024.

Borrowing increments on the 2019 revolver start at $0.5 million, and multiples
of $0.1 million in excess of that amount. There was no balance outstanding under
the facility as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The maturity date for
the 2019 revolver is October 1, 2023. Borrowing availability under the 2019
revolver is reduced by the then current amount of the letter of credit dated
October 1, 2019 and issued by KeyBank to secure our obligation to make payments
under the lease related to our headquarters building in Charlotte, North
Carolina. The current amount of the letter of credit is approximately $6.0
million.

Liquidity and Financial Covenants
Our 2019 Facility contains certain covenants and restrictions on actions,
including limitations on the payment of dividends. In addition, the 2019
Facility requires that we comply monthly with specified ratios, including a
maximum ratio of debt to recurring revenue and a minimum cash balance
requirement. We are in compliance with our financial debt covenants as of March
31, 2022.

Land Promissory Note
On November 15, 2018, we signed a promissory note in connection with the
purchase of two land parcels at our Charlotte, North Carolina headquarters
campus. The principal amount of $5.0 million will be repaid in $1.0 million
installments, plus accrued interest at a rate of 6.75%, due on each anniversary
date, with final payment due on November 15, 2023. The note is collateralized by
the land parcels and any future building to be situated on, or improvements to,
the land. In December 2021 in connection with the purchase of additional land
and improvements, the promissory note was modified to extend its term to
November 15, 2025 and reduce the annual payment to $0.5 million.

In December 2021, we executed a promissory note in connection with the purchase
of land and improvements adjacent to our Charlotte, North Carolina headquarters
campus. The principal amount of $21.5 million will be repaid in four annual
installments of $4.3 million, plus accrued interest at a rate of 6.75%, starting
on December 1, 2022 and the final payment of $4.3 million plus accrued interest
due on May 15, 2026. The note is collateralized by the land and improvements on
the land.

We are current with all payments under the Notes.

Issuances of Common Stock
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we issued 821,813 shares of common
stock for the settlement of vested restricted stock units and exercise of
options.

Payment Obligations
We process payments for our customers. As part of our payment product offering
we have recorded payment service obligations in our consolidated balance sheets
of $932.0 million as of March 31, 2022 and an offsetting asset of restricted
funds held for customers. This balance is short-term in nature and represents
our obligation to pay our customers' suppliers as directed by our customers.

Under our legacy trust model for processing payments, which we are in the
process of phasing out, buyers' funds were held in trust accounts that are
maintained and operated by a trustee pending distribution. After buyers' funds
are deposited in a trust account, we initiate payment through external payment
networks whereby the buyers' funds are distributed from the trust to the
appropriate supplier. We are not the trustee or beneficiary of the trusts which
hold these buyer deposits, accordingly, we do not record these assets and
offsetting liability on our consolidated balance sheets. However, we
contractually earn interest on funds held for buyers with associated
counterparties. The amount of buyer funds held in trust-related accounts was
approximately $100.6 million and $123.6 million at March 31, 2022 and December
31, 2021, respectively. We have largely transitioned away from the trust model
for processing payments, and expect the amount of buyer funds held in trust to
continue to decrease as those buyers transition to our current payments model.

Contractual obligations

There were no material changes in our contractual obligations and commitments
during the three months ended March 31, 2022 from the contractual obligations
and commitments disclosed in our annual report on Form 10-K. See Note 9 of the
notes to our

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consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for additional information regarding contractual obligations and commitments.

Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with
GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make
estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and
liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date
of the consolidated financial statements, as well as the reported revenue
generated, and reported expenses incurred during the reporting periods. Our
estimates are based on our historical experience and on various other factors
that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which
form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and
liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may
differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

There have been no material changes in our critical accounting policies from the critical accounting policies and material judgments and estimates disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended
December 31, 2021 as filed with the SECOND on March 14, 2022.

Recent accounting pronouncements

See Note 2 to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere
in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for recently adopted accounting
pronouncements and recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted as
of March 31, 2022.

Emerging Growth Company Status

We are an emerging growth company, as defined in the JOBS Act. Under the JOBS
Act, emerging growth companies can delay adopting new or revised accounting
standards issued subsequent to the enactment of the JOBS Act until such time as
those standards apply to private companies. We elected to use this extended
transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards that
have different effective dates for public and private companies until the
earlier of the date that we (i) are no longer an emerging growth company or (ii)
affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of the extended transition period provided
in the JOBS Act. As a result, our consolidated financial statements may not be
comparable to companies that comply with the new or revised accounting
pronouncements as of public company effective dates. We expect to use the
extended transition period for any other new or revised accounting standards
during the period in which we remain an emerging growth company.

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